Aranya housing is the low-cost housing project designed by ar. bv Doshi. Aranya housing is a slum redevelopment project located in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. The project completed in 1989 and later won the aga khan award in 1996 which make it one of the famous low-cost housing projects in India.
|Project name||Aranya housing/ Aranya low cost housing|
|Location||Indore, Madhya Pradesh|
|Architect||Ar. bv Doshi|
|project associate||Mr. Himanshu Parikh|
|Project Engineer||M/s Stein Doshi|
|Total Built-up area||100,000 sq.m.|
|Project cost||Rs. 100 million|
|Award||Aga Khan Award|
- The main objective of the Government is to improve and upgrade the Slum area.
- The second is to provide a serviced site for the new housing development project.
- The third is to Provide residential plots size ranging from 35 sq. m. for the Economically weaker section to 475 sq.m. for HIG.(higher income group).
- the fourth is to create a secured neighborhood and create a sense of continuity.
The Neighborhood concept of Aranya housing
- The existing slum on the site is high density and unplanned which creates a crowded neighborhood. People of Slum are more socially connect with each other which creates a type of neighborhood that is friendly and supportive of each other.
- When we talk about the positive parts of the slum it has a community that is more connected with each other in every aspect like social and economical. People interact more with each other, celebrate different festivals with each other which creates a neighborhood that is more connected with each other.
- So ideas of this Aranya Housing redevelopment project is the same as to preserve these values and connection of people and create housing which is more balanced.
- main characteristic of the Aranya Housing is to make a mixed use housing project where people can avail all the aminities as well the service withing the site.
- Creating small neighborhoods to interact with the neighbors and the house is extended to the outdoor which creates visual communication and oneness between the residents.
- Most of the slum dwellers had shops in the slum so in redevelopment small shops are designed at the road corners so that people can easily access it and it will create a revenue-generating source.
- Trees are planted in public spaces which gives a feeling of connection between human and nature.
- streets are working as a social, economic and domestic activity on site.
Stages of development of Aranya housing
The design approach of Aranya housing was to develop a neighborhood, living space, working space, public and community space, and landscaping. Master plan level the idea was to create a central open space that works as a business district. the central plaza works as a central spine where all the roads from all sectors meet. The hierarchy of open space, Hierarchy of roads, and community space are maintained while designing the master plan. 6 sectors are created respectively.
Plan proposed by Indore development authority
the first plan proposed by the Indore development authority shows a typical grid plan without any thoughts and concepts of hierarchy, open space, community.
In the second stage, we can see the open space, and the hierarchy of the road is distributed on the site. bv Doshi considered open spaces and the road as an important part of the housing project which gives a character to it.
roads creates a continuity around which all the activities happens. and the central plaza works as a marketplace.
In the third stage, the distribution of land size is considered according to the economical sections. the orientation of houses is considered in the third stage according to sun direction to reduce heat gain and to get more north light and natural shading.
Final Proposed plan
On the final proposed plan bv Doshi considered all the aspects of community housing like the hierarchy of open space, community spaces, road networks, continuity of transitional spaces, amenities, climate analysis, materials.
Land use distribution is as follow 58% Residential space, 26% Roads, 9% open space, 7% community and commercial space.
Climate Responsive features
opening in north and south on the site permits cross ventilation and natural light. Courtyards of the houses, small open spaces, and public squares are automatically shades because of the orientation of the space and houses.
Locally available building materials has been used for development.
Material and construction Technology
- Locally and easily available materials are used in construction.
- load-bearing walls are used in construction.
- cement concrete floors.
- CRF roof.
- Pile foundation because of black cotton soil.
- doors, windows, and grills are made on-site by residents themselves.